Sudden onset of eye redness, pain and blurring of the vision are all symptoms of uveitis, or chorioretinitis. Over-sensitivity to light and the presence of floating dark spots in the field of vision may also be experienced.
This serious condition requires urgent treatment by an optometrist or an ophthalmologist.
Symptoms can develop very quickly when the uvea of the eye becomes inflamed. The uvea is the coloured layer of the eye that includes the iris, ciliary body and choroid. The type of uveitis depends on which of these regions of the eye are affected.
Most cases are ‘anterior uveitis’ where anterior chamber of the eye, the iris, the ciliary body, or a combination of them, are inflamed. Irritis is where only the iris is involved and this is also a very common manifestation of the condition.
Posterior uveitis involves inflammation of the retina and choroid. The intermediate form of the condition can occur, where the vitreous cavity becomes inflamed, usually only affecting one eye. Pan-uveitis occurs when all of the uvea is inflamed.
Treatment commonly starts with eye drops to reduce the inflammation. Antibiotics may be required if the condition is caused as a result of an eye infection.
Often this condition can be serious and occasionally it can lead to permanent vision loss. It is important, therefore, for the symptoms to be recognised and treated promptly in the early stages.
If you have any signs that you may have uveitis, don’t wait – check with your Optometrist or Doctor today.